Society & Culture & Entertainment Education

Prides and Coalitions: The Social Lives of Lions



Lions are definitely not loners. In fact, lions are unique among felids in that they are the only species of cat that forms social groups. All other cats are solitary hunters that, outside of mating season, shy away from others of their kind.

The two social groups that shape the lives of lions are prides and coalitions. A pride is a group of 1 to 18 female lions and their young. A coalition is a group of 1 to 9 male lions.


A coalition of males competes with other male coalitions for exclusive access to a pride of females. A coalition that wins a pride remains associated with the pride for a period of about 3 to 4 years. After that time, challenges from other coalitions of nomadic males often prevail and the resident coalition is displaced.

When one coalition ousts another from its place within a pride, the consequences are fatal for any unweaned cubs sired by the previous coalition's males. The incoming coalition males kill the cubs and evict any subadult males from the pride. Adult females are thus hastened to return to estrous and mate with the new males.

Within the pride-coalition group, males compete with one another to form pairs with females. Once all males have paired off with females, they prevents other males from mating with their mate. But often there are more females than there are males and the unpaired females choose among the males as mates. In this case, unpaired females often prefer darker-maned males, as they are more likely to have greater vitality, fighting prowess and social status than their lighter-maned counterparts.

References


Kingdon J. 2007. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Harcourt Brace & Company. New York, NY. 464 p.
SHARE
RELATED POSTS on "Society & Culture & Entertainment"
Charter School Wisconsin for Quality Based Virtual Education
Charter School Wisconsin for Quality Based Virtual Education
The Great Orion Nebula
The Great Orion Nebula
Journal of FUBAR and Negative Results
Journal of FUBAR and Negative Results
Online Interactive Science Projects
Online Interactive Science Projects
What Are Genes?
What Are Genes?
Best Online Degree Programs – The Main Factors You Should Consider
Best Online Degree Programs – The Main Factors You Should Consider
How to Find a Conversion Factor Between Cubic Inches & Cubic Yards
How to Find a Conversion Factor Between Cubic Inches & Cubic Yards
Career Options with a Criminal Justice Masters
Career Options with a Criminal Justice Masters
Online Degree Scholarships - Financial Help For Distance Learning
Online Degree Scholarships - Financial Help For Distance Learning
'A Wrinkle in Time' Review
'A Wrinkle in Time' Review
Employment Opportunities Through Kerala PSC
Employment Opportunities Through Kerala PSC
How to Learn Spanish Through Christian Songs
How to Learn Spanish Through Christian Songs
Some Facts And Fictions About Algebra
Some Facts And Fictions About Algebra
Offering ABA Therapy at School and Home Is Most Effective
Offering ABA Therapy at School and Home Is Most Effective
Types of Subordinate Clauses
Types of Subordinate Clauses
Borax Crystal Paper Snowflake
Borax Crystal Paper Snowflake
Elmo Live: The Next Big Thing?
Elmo Live: The Next Big Thing?
Microsoft Dynamics CRM MB2-701 Dumps
Microsoft Dynamics CRM MB2-701 Dumps
 Transform your research paper writing task easier
Transform your research paper writing task easier
How Executive Programs Potentially Reshape Your Career
How Executive Programs Potentially Reshape Your Career

Leave Your Reply

*